Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IR/PS)

[ program | faculty ]

All courses, faculty listings, and curricular and degree requirements described herein are subject to change or deletion without notice. Updates may be found on the Academic Senate website: http://senate.ucsd.edu/catalog-copy/approved-updates/.

Courses

For course descriptions not found in the UC San Diego General Catalog, 2014–15, please contact the department for more information.

IRGN 199. Independent Research/Study (2-4)

Independent research/study under the guidance of a faculty member of IR/PS. Prerequisites: consent of undergraduate advising office and instructor.

MPIA Core Curriculum

IRCO 400. Policy-Making Processes (4)

This course is designed to teach students how to “read” a country’s political and economic system. The course will examine how the evolution of different institutional frameworks in the countries of the Pacific region influences the way in which political choices are made. Prerequisites: IR/PS students only.

IRCO 401. Managerial Economics (4)

Survey of basic tools in economics. Examination of how commodity demand is determined, what affects supply of the commodity, how price is determined, when optimal market allocation of resources and failure occur, and basic topics concerning the aggregate economy.

IRCO 403. International Economics (4)

The theory and mechanics of international economics. Included will be such topics as real trade theory, international movements of capital, the effects of trade and capital flows on domestic economies, and policies toward trade and foreign investment.

IRCO 410. International Politics and Security (4)

Development of analytic tools for understanding international relations with applications to contemporary problems such as the environment, nuclear proliferation, human rights, humanitarian interventions, and the roots of conflict and cooperation among countries.

IRCO 412. Globalization, the World System, and the Pacific (4)

This course examines globalization and other economic and political factors that shape the international relations of the Pacific Rim. Specific topics include financial market integration, state cooperation and intervention, and case studies of individual countries.

IRCO 415. Finance and Accounting for Policy Makers (4)

This course covers concepts and applications of accounting and finance necessary for policymakers in for-profit, nonprofit, and public sectors. The course content consists of three parts: (1) basic financial accounting and financial analysis, (2) the effect of time value of money on investment decisions, and (3) the effects of risk on financial decisions. No credit will be allowed for IRCO 415 if a student has taken IRCO 420 and/or IRCO 421. Prerequisites: major codes IR76, IR77, IS32, IS33 or consent of instructor.

IRCO 453. Quantitative Methods I (4)

This course is designed to provide proficiency in quantitative methods that are used for optimization and decision making. The use of spreadsheets is applied to data analysis and problem solving. Statistical theory and regression analysis are introduced. Prerequisites: major codes IR76, IR77, IS32, IS33, or consent of the instructor.

IRCO 454. Quantitative Methods II (4)

This course covers elements from statistics that are central to business decision-making under uncertainty. In particular, regression analysis and estimation will be applied to problems of forecasting and optimization. Prerequisites: majors only.

IRCO 463. Strategy and Negotiation (4)

This class introduces the fundamentals of corporate strategy, based on case studies requiring corporate analysis; and the principles of negotiation, based on exercises and class learning. Both sections of this class are highly applied, and require intensive out-of-class preparation and teamwork that help students acquire skills in analytical thinking, strategic action planning, and hands-on negotiations. Prerequisites: IRCO 400, 401, 403, 410, 412, 420, 421, 453, and 454.

IRCO 467. Policy Responses to Global Problems (4)

This capstone is designed to test the analytic skills acquired in the IR/PS program, using them to explain complex real-world problems: security, persistent recurring conflict, persistent inequality and intergenerational debt, women’s rights, environmental change, energy/resource systems, and financial contagion. Emphasis will be placed on determining the nature and dimension of the problem, exploring a range of solutions and assessing the capacity of public institutions. Non-IR/PS students may enroll with consent of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both IRCO 467 and IRGN 490 Special Topics course with same course title.

IRCO 468: Evaluating Technological Innovation (4)

This capstone is intended as a culminating intellectual experience for students, particularly those in economics-oriented tracks. Students will learn to analyze “what works,” integrating a technical understanding of innovation with rigorous statistical analysis. The first half of the course focuses on building a set of science/engineering tools, and the second half on building statistical tools of analysis. Letter grades only. Prerequisites: IRGN 446 or consent of instructors.

MAS-IA Core Curriculum

IRCO 481. The Politics of International and National Policy Making (4)

This course provides an introduction to the international political economy of the Pacific Rim. The course covers important international developments, such as regionalism, as well as domestic decision making processes.

IRCO 482. Economies of the Pacific Rim (4)

This course studies major economies of the Pacific region by combining standard tools in economics with institutional background on each economy. Special attention is given to the challenges that economic globalization poses on the economic relations among those economies.

IRCO 483. Workshop on Policy Issues in the Pacific Rim (4)

Capstone class: Students collaborate on long-term projects analyzing important political, economic, and business issues in the Pacific regions using the tools acquired through other courses at IRPS. Prerequisites: IRCO 481 and 482 or consent of the instructor.

General Courses

Not all general courses are offered each year.

IRGN 400. International Relations of Asia-Pacific (4)

International relations and developing international political economies of nations bordering the Pacific. Topics include: the “Pacific Basin” concept; the U.S. and “hegemonic-stability” theory; legacies of the Korean War and Sino-Soviet dispute; immigration patterns and their consequences; and Japan’s foreign policy.

IRGN 401. Understanding Civil Wars: Theory and Policy Implications (4)

This course examines why civil wars break out, why they are difficult to resolve, and the effects of outside intervention. The course introduces ethnic and internal conflict theory, and engages students in current policy debates regarding how the international community can best respond to these conflicts. Prerequisites: admission to program or consent of instructor.

IRGN 402. International Political Economy: Money and Finance (4)

Examination of effects of national policies and international collaboration on public and private international financial institutions, in particular the management of international debt crises, economic policy coordination, and the role of international lender of last resort.

IRGN 403. The Rise of China: Security and Technology (4)

This course examines China's aspirations and historical efforts to become a world-class technological and military power. Of particular interest are the technological foundations of China's security relating to its military power and long-term economic and strategic competitiveness and sources of its technological innovation. Non-IR/PS graduate students may enroll with consent of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both IRGN 433 and IRGN 290 or 490 Special Topics course with the same course title.

IRGN 404. Chinese Politics (4)

This course will analyze post-1949 Chinese politics, including political institutions, the policy making process, and citizen political behavior. Special attention will be given to the prospects for political reform in China.

IRGN 405. U.S.-China Relations (4)

Can the United States and China manage to develop a constructive relationship or are they headed toward a hostile relationship? This course addresses this question by examining the domestic and international influences on the foreign policies of both countries and key issues in the bilateral relationship. Students also do policy projects.

IRGN 406. Finance and Development (4)

This course analyzes the roles of money and financial institutions in the economy. The first part of the course focuses on microeconomics and the financial system. The topics include money, financial markets, financial intermediaries, banking regulations, and bank runs. The second part of the course focuses on the microeconomics aspects of financial institutions. The topics include financial development, financial liberalization, and their effects on the economy, especially economic growth and development. Prerequisites: IRCO 403 and IRCO 421 or consent of instructor.

IRGN 407. Policy Implementation Process (4)

Course builds on Policy-Making Processes class by focusing on nonelected officials’ role in setting and implementing policy. Ideally, elected officials make policies that unbiased, technically proficient bureaucrats carry out. Course provides insight into why the real world departs from this. Prerequisites: IRCO 400.

IRGN 408. Korean Security (4)

This course will consider major security issues on the Korean peninsula, including the evolution of the US-South Korea alliance and the management of the current nuclear crisis. A distinctive feature of the course will be a consideration of the political economy of recent developments on the peninsula, particularly with respect to North Korea, and an extended discussion of the logic and strategy of engagement.

IRGN 409. Economic Policy in Latin America (4)

This course seeks to enhance the students’ understanding of the main policy alternatives open to the largest Latin American countries. Development and stabilization policies are analyzed, emphasizing the current debate between conventional and heterodox policy packages and their impact on decision making. Prerequisites: IRCO 401, IRCO 403.

IRGN 410. Corporate Governance (4)

Why do corporate governance systems—the way firms are run, the relationships among managers, stockholders, and workers—differ widely around the world? This course examines the various explanations for these striking differences and the consequences. Prerequisites: graduate level or consent of instructor.

IRGN 411. Business and Management in Japan (4)

This course introduces the main aspects of Japanese business and industrial organization (keiretsu), Japanese management practices, and the representation and influence of business interests in the Japanese political economy.

IRGN 412. Comparative Development of the East Asian Economies (4)

This course studies the economic development, current economic issues, and future prospects and challenges of East Asia, broadly defined as China, Japan, Korea, and Southeast Asia. The course focuses on the comparative development experience across the economies, regional economic integration, and economic interactions among the economies in the region. Prerequisites: major codes IR76, IR77, IS32, IS33 or consent of instructor.

IRGN 413. Corporate Strategy and the Environment (4)

This seminar examines the ability of firms to increase shareholder value through improved environmental performance. Topics include product differentiation, strategic use of regulations, the “Porter hypothesis,” and environmental management systems. Readings include case studies and research articles. Prerequisites: IRCO 401, 421, 453, 454.

IRGN 414. Economics of Energy Policy (4)

This course examines the theoretical and empirical questions around the supply and demand markets, and the use for energy in firms and households. We will consider the environmental consequences and regulations of use. The course emphasizes the application of economic theory to energy issues. Non-IR/PS graduate students may enroll with consent of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both IRGN 414 and IRGN 290 or 490 Special Topics course with the same course title. Prerequisites: IRCO 401, 453, and 454.

IRGN 415. The Economics of Trade Policy (4)

This course explores the rationales and consequences of trade related government interventions from an economic perspective. We will cover classical trade theory, “new” trade theory, the process of global multilateral trade integration, and the political economy roots of trade policy. Non-IR/PS graduate students may enroll with consent of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both IRGN 415 and IRGN 290 or 490 Special Topics course with the same course title.

IRGN 416. Postwar Politics in Japan (4)

Overview of postwar politics in Japan, including American Occupation reforms, political institutions, major political factors, mass and elite, and political behavior. Special attention will be paid to the issue of Japan’s changing democracy.

IRGN 417. Microfinance (4)

This course will begin by examining financial markets in poor countries. Investigates how microfinance contracts overcome problems that had previously barred the extension of business credit in many environments. Prerequisites: admission to program or consent of instructor.

IRGN 418. Green Technology: Policy and Science (4)

The course looks at clean energy and related technologies, including a high-level understanding of the science, policy, and market forces governing innovation. Students will develop an understanding of the renewable energy sector and the market variability of new technology. Non-IR/PS graduate students may enroll with consent of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both IRGN 418 and IRGN 290 or 490 Special Topics course with the same course title.

IRGN 419. Risk Management (4)

This course provides an introduction to derivative assets such as options, futures, and swap contracts. The main emphasis is on their valuation, use in hedging, and role as components of liabilities that mitigate risk and agency problems in business firms. Prerequisites: IRCO 421.

IRGN 420. Marketing (4)

This course develops the microeconomic foundations of market exchange by examining the marketing details of transactions: demand and product differentiation, incomplete and incorrect information, search and promotion costs. Students will learn to deduce firm and consumer motives from observed behavior. Prerequisites: IRCO 401 and 403, or consent of instructor.

IRGN 421. Financial Institutions (4)

This course studies how the financial system works to support economic growth most of the time, but also how it gets into crisis and puts the economy into a recession. Course emphasizes the importance and incentive problems inherent in financial transactions. Non-IR/PS graduate students may enroll with consent of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both IRGN 421 and IRGN 290 or 490 Special Topics course with the same course title.

IRGN 422. Investments (4)

An analysis of the risk/return characteristics of different assets as perceived by different investors and their implications for security price behavior, emphasizing real world capital market behavior. International aspects include the role of exchange rate risk and international diversification. Prerequisites: IRCO 421, 453, and 454.

IRGN 423. Corporate Social Responsibility (4)

Nongovernmental organizations monitor compliance with norms through shareholder activism, consumer pressures, political protest, creating “brands,” and legal action. Course examines these strategies to determine what works best, and how organizations and individuals can influence corporations to “do the right thing.”

IRGN 424. Corporate Finance (4)

The topics covered are dividend policy and capital structure, options, debt financing, and short and long-term in financial planning. Course format will be mostly lectures, with occasional cases. Some international aspects of corporate finance will also be discussed. Prerequisites: IRCO 401, 403, 420, 421, 453, and 454 or consent of instructor.

IRGN 426. Doing Business in the Pacific Rim (4)

This case-based course examines the complexities and challenges of doing business in selected Pacific Rim countries. Each week focuses on a particular case in a specific country. Reading will be decision-oriented and focused on corporate strategy. Students will be required to reach a conclusion and recommend a course of action as an active decision-maker in the case. Non-IR/PS graduate students may enroll with consent of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both IRGN 426 and IRGN 290 or 490 Special Topics course with the same course title.

IRGN 427. International Law and Regulation (4)

This course will introduce students to the major techniques for managing international problems through legal and administrative regulation. The class will offer an overview of the main theories relevant to policy, such as the choice and design of treaties and other legal instruments. Cases will be drawn from economics, finance, development, security, human rights and environment. Non-IR/PS graduate students may enroll with consent of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both IRGN 427 and IRGN 290 or 490 Special Topics course with the same course title.

IRGN 428. The International Politics of Energy Policy (4)

The class introduces students to major theoretical perspectives that are used to show how societies design and implement policies related to energy, and applies these theories to major issues in energy policy, including ethanol, climate change, and energy security. Non-IR/PS graduate students may enroll with consent of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both IRGN 428 and IRGN 290 or 490 Special Topics course with the same course title.

IRGN 429. State Building After Civil Wars (4)

This course acquaints students with the leading theories on the causes and consequences of civil war since 1945, and the challenges associated with rebuilding social structures after catastrophic collapse. It will also provide a number of hands-on examples of how “new media” work to speed the process of political mobilization, coalition formation, the persistence of clandestine networks, and issues of transparency and translation, with particular implications for urban warfare and insurgency. Non-IR/PS graduate students may enroll with consent of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both IRGN 429 and IRGN 290 or 490 Special Topics course with the same course title.

IRGN 430. Human Rights, Public Policy, and International Relations (4)

Prepares students to analyze the causes of repression and the effectiveness of political intervention. Attention will focus on the evaluation of the design, implementation, and effectiveness of human rights policy, including international organizations, democracy, trade, and social movement advocacy. Non-IR/PS graduate students may enroll with consent of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both IRGN 430 and IRGN 290 or 490 Special Topics course with the same course title.

IRGN 431. Fiscal and Monetary Policy (4)

Effects of fiscal and monetary policies on aggregate variables such as output, nominal and real interest rates, price level, and employment. Additional topics include the inflation/ unemployment trade-off, budget deficit, and economic growth.

IRGN 433. Political Communication and Foreign Policy (4)

Course engages central debates regarding US grand strategy and encourages analysis of regional crisis-spots using replicable open-source data. Emphasis is on deploying theoretical arguments in the service of a policy agenda and tensions between rival schools of theory in the context of contemporary politics. Topics include nuclear nonproliferation, humanitarian military interventions, democracy promotion, “War on Terror,” and policy towards “rogue” and unrecognized states. Non-IR/PS graduate students may enroll with consent of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both IRGN 433 and IRGN 290 or 490 Special Topics course with the same course title.

IRGN 434. NGOs (4)

This course challenges students to analytically map variation in the institutional structure and activities of different nongovernmental organizations based on original research. Particular focus will be on policy dilemmas associated with the development of “civil society” in semiauthoritarian contexts and the provision of humanitarian aid in “postconflict” settings. Non-IR/PS graduate students may enroll with consent of instructor.  Students may not receive credit for both IRGN 434 and IRGN 290 or 490 Special Topics course with the same course title. Prerequisites: major codes IR75, IR76, IR77, or consent of instructor.

IRGN 435. Topics in International Trade (4)

This course develops new analytical models of international trade and examines their relevance for trade policy. Topics include setting trade policy where firms have global market power; the interaction between international trade, innovation, and economic growth; regional economic policy, dynamic industry clusters, and information technology; and new trade theory and the world distribution of income. Prerequisites: IRCO 401 and 403, or consent of instructor.

IRGN 436. Doing Business in Latin America (4)

This course examines the current business environment in Latin America, taking into account political, economic and cultural factors. The course will be based on case studies, supplemented with guest lectures from business executives and discussions of selected readings. Students will be required to develop a business plan as a major part of the grade for the course. Non-IR/PS graduate students may enroll with consent of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both IRGN 436 and IRGN 290 or 490 Special Topics course with the same course title.

IRGN 438. Operations Management: Analysis and Control (4)

This course provides a comprehensive introduction to the fundamental decisions and trade-offs associated with the control of a firm’s operations function. It analyzes production processes, quality control, inventory and materials planning, kanban and just-in-time principles. Prerequisites: IRCO 453 and 454, or consent of instructor.

IRGN 439. Policy Evaluation (4)

Research-design class focusing on strategies for evaluating policies’ effectiveness with data in small quantities. Skills taught: understanding limits of what data say, and using information optimally. The emphasis is on qualitative analysis. The concepts taught are similar to those presented in QM3. Prerequisites: IRCO 453 and IRCO 454.

IRGN 440. Managerial Accounting and Control (4)

Focus on planning, managing, controlling and evaluating costs for competitive advantage in global markets. Key topics will include cost structure, cost-based managerial decision making, strategic cost management, JIT/TQC cost management, and accounting control systems. Prerequisites: IRCO 420 or consent of instructor.

IRGN 441. Government and Regulation (4)

This course goes beyond the debates of the role of the market and the state in the process of economic growth and political development, seeking to provide an understanding of the complex interaction between political incentives, regulatory decisions and their implementation. Non-IR/PS graduate students may enroll with consent of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both IRGN 441 and IRGN 290 or 490 Special Topics course with the same course title.

IRGN 442. Foundations of Strategic Studies (4)

This course surveys the major contours of intellectual debates and conceptual frameworks that structure the field of international security studies. It introduces students to important strategic thinkers in order to analyze issues in the use of force. Topics include the development of strategic thought, theories on the course of war, the organizational and political nature of militaries, assessment of military effectiveness, and the peculiar problems of nuclear and unconventional warfare.

IRGN 444. Product Development (4)

This course examines how high-tech companies develop successful products. Emphasizes interplay between business and technology issues, including marketing, finance, manufacturing, prototyping, testing, and design. Student teams develop novel products, from concept to working prototype, including a business plan for launching the product. Discussion of concurrent engineering, rapid prototyping, industrial design, and other design methodologies.

IRGN 446. Applied Data Analysis and Statistical Decision Making (4)

The goal of the course is to teach how to evaluate quantitative information in business and economics contexts, and to make sound managerial decisions in complex situations. Much of the problems and the course work will involve statistical software and spreadsheet analysis of data. The course covers various applied multivariate statistical methods beyond basics. Prerequisites: IRCO 453 and 454, or consent of instructor.

IRGN 448. Civil Society and Development (4)

To explore the roles that civil society/NGOs/the third sector can play in advancing political, social, and economic progress in developing countries. To consider the strengths and weaknesses, capacities, and limitations of NGOs in developing countries. To provide students with experience in evaluating NGOs and in making professional recommendations to enhance their ability to make a difference. To prepare students to take leadership roles—whether in government, the private sector, or NGOs—in promoting civil-society participation in development.

IRGN 449. The Making of US Foreign Policy (4)

Analysis of the interests, structure and procedures of the main executive branch agencies involved in the formulation of foreign policy, and of the roles of Congress, the media, public opinion, and nongovernmental actors. Case studies and “daily briefings” to prepare students to perform professionally in the foreign policy arena. Department approval required.

IRGN 450. Social Justice, Public Policy, and Development (4)

This course explores three topics: 1) democracy, which is primarily about procedural justice; 2) social policy, which is primarily about distributive justice; and, 3) corruption, which is a breach of formal justice. We will consider potential conflicts and reconciliation between justice and development, approaching various issues not just theoretically and conceptually, but also empirically and quantitatively. The course uses cross-national quantitative studies and case studies. Non-IR/PS graduate students may enroll with consent of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both IRGN 450 and IRGN 290 or 490 Special Topics course with the same course title.

IRGN 451. Economic Development (4)

This course examines comparative patterns of industrialization and agricultural modernization with a focus on certain common features of the modernization process and widely varying endowments, policies, and experiences, of different countries. Prerequisites: IRCO 401 and 403, or consent of instructor.

IRGN 453. Sustainable Development (4)

The course will cover the concept of sustainable development, ways in which sustainable development can be measured, evaluation of environmental damages and benefits, and the role of discounting, and will analyze cases demonstrating failure of the market.

IRGN 454. Current Issues in U.S.-Latin American Relations (4)

Issues to be actively debated include the collective defense of democracy, coping with revolutionary change, counter-narcotics, anti-corruption, international finance, trade, and U.S.-Mexican and U.S.-Brazilian relations. In each case, students analyze the strengths and weaknesses of current US policy and advocate alternative options.

IRGN 456. Program Design and Evaluation (4)

Introduction to elements of program design and evaluation. Examines principles and guidelines used in creating a program and evaluating its success or failure. International case studies are explored. Students have the opportunity to develop their own program and evaluate projects.

IRGN 457. Cost-Benefit Analysis (4)

Examination of public policy analysis, such as cost-benefit analysis and project evaluation, for use in policy formation. Sustainable development will receive particular attention. Case studies emphasizing the environment, agriculture and food, and economic development will be included.

IRGN 458. International Environmental Policy and Politics (4)

This course analyzes multilateral environmental agreements and negotiating positions of key countries on climate change, biodiversity conservation, sustainable development, and other subjects. It explores the challenges countries face to balance economic development objectives with global environmental concerns.

IRGN 460. The Politics of U.S.-Japan Economic Relations (4)

This course will analyze how the domestic politics of each country, their international negotiations, and their interaction concerning economic issues have affected the U.S.-Japan relationship. Both the politics of cooperation and integration, and trade friction and conflict will be addressed in part through study of specific cases.

IRGN 461. Doing Business in China (4)

This course describes the Chinese commercial, organizational, and cultural environment. Case studies of foreign businesses in China are examined, and the opportunities and pitfalls of operation in China are considered. Negotiation with Chinese counterparts is covered through a negotiation exercise. The focus is on mainland China, but some attention is given to business in Hong Kong and Taiwan as well. Students are required to prepare business plans for proposed Chinese ventures.

IRGN 462. Economies in Southeast Asia (4)

This course focuses on the long-run and current economic issues of Southeast Asia. The topics are economic growth, human capital, inequality and poverty, social institutions, the business sector, the financial sector, government, the external sector, and regional and interregional economic relations. For each topic, we will discuss the issues from selected countries in the region in more detail. Prerequisites: IRCO 401 and IRCO 403 or consent of instructor.

IRGN 463. Politics of Southeast Asia (4)

This course provides an introduction to five Southeast Asian countries: Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Vietnam. The focus will be on national level of political and economic issues in these countries. In addition, a number of region-wide issues will also be examined such as: Chinese business groups and networks; clientelism and corruption; regional trade and investment linkages; democratization; and the implications of political change for future economic development. Prerequisites: graduate standing or consent of instructor.

IRGN 464. Designing Field Experiments (4)

This course covers the applied practice of quantitative impact evaluation. The benchmark methodology will be randomized controlled trials. The broader set of nonexperimental tools will be understood through the ways they differ from random assignment. Practical issues in research and survey design will be discussed. Non-IR/PS graduate students may enroll with consent of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both IRGN 464 and IRGN 290 or 490 Special Topics course with the same course title. Prerequisites: IRCO 453 and 454 major codes IR75, IR76, IR77, or consent of instructor.

IRGN 465. Management of Nonprofit Organizations (4)

Analyzes the particular environment in which nonprofit organizations define and achieve their objectives. Management tools are applied to existing nonprofits and to student projects.

IRGN 467. Chinese Environmental and Energy Policy (4)

This course will focus on three dimensions of Chinese environmental and energy policy. First, we will introduce the causes and consequences of environmental and energy problems. Second, we will examine Chinese environmental and energy governance: institutions, laws, and regulations for environmental protection, energy production and consumption. Third, we will explore the practices of the Chinese government to address the emerging environmental and energy options, focusing on climate change. Non-IR/PS students may enroll with consent of instructor.

IRGN 468. International Health Economics (4)

Course provides an overview of health economics, focusing on developing countries. We will examine both how standard economics concepts and methods can be used to understand incentives and decision making in health related transactions and their application to health policy. Non-IR/PS graduate students may enroll with consent of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both IRGN 468 and IRGN 290 or 490 Special Topics course with the same course title. Prerequisites: IRCO 401, 453 and 454.

IRGN 469. Comparative Grand Strategy and Defense Policy (4)

This course surveys theoretical explanations for why states choose the strategies they do and how they implement their diplomatic and military policies in order to carry out those strategies. Different explanatory factors are found in the international system, domestic politics, and the political-economy of military power, and they can interact in surprising ways. These general theories are examined through comparative analysis of the great World War II powers and the contemporary strategic debate. Department approval required. Non-IR/PS graduate students may enroll with consent of instructor.

IRGN 471. Japanese Economy (4)

A broad survey of the Japanese economy, together with in-depth examination of some distinctively Japanese phenomena such as savings behavior, financial structure, industrial organization, and labor markets. Prerequisites: IRCO 401 and 403, or consent of instructor.

IRGN 472. Latin American Environmental and Energy Policy (4)

This course examines the human dimension of environmental change, focusing on topics such as biodiversity conservation, climate change, land use systems, deforestation and the institutions of regulation. The course uses Latin America as its central focus but, for comparative perspective, uses cases from Asia and Africa. Non-IR/PS students may enroll with consent of instructor.

IRGN 473. Political Economy of Energy in Asia (4)

This course examines the political economy of energy in Asia across a number of key themes, including the interaction between the economics and politics of energy markets, the search for energy security through cooperation and competition, the challenges of managing difficult energy policy choices and trade-offs, and the challenges of sustainable energy development. Emphasis will be placed on the oil industry and its pivotal role in global energy use, pricing, and geopolitics. Non-IR/PS graduate students may enroll with consent of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both IRGN 473 and IRGN 290 or 490 Special Topics course with the same course title.

IRGN 477. Cyber Security (4)

Course on the challenges of improving cyber security in the United States and globally. Topics to include the technical challenges involving cyber security, an understanding of the range of threats, fundamental problems of designing prudent national policies that are politically feasible, and the possibilities and limitations regarding the designing of prudent cooperative strategies. Students may not receive credit for both IRGN 477 and IRGN 290 or 490, Special Topics, course with same course title.

IRGN 478. Japanese Foreign Policy (4)

Examines the domestic and strategic sources of Japan’s foreign policy in the postwar era. Unlike IRGN 460, this course emphasizes Japan’s foreign economic policy in regional and global multilateral organizations, and the major security issues it confronts with its Asian neighbors.

IRGN 479. Politics and Institutions in Latin America (4)

Overview of Latin American politics and the “rules of the game,” both formal and informal. Key topics include military rule, presidentialism, and clientelism in the region as a whole, with special emphasis on Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico. Prerequisites: IRCO 400 or consent of instructor.

IRGN 480: Comparative Development of the Latin American Economies (4)

This course studies the development, current economic issues, and future prospects and challenges of Latin America, broadly defined to include Mexico, and Central and South America. The course focuses on the comparative development experience across the economies, regional economic integration, and economic interactions among the economies of the region. Prerequisites: major codes IR76, IR77, IS32, IS33, or consent of instructor.

IRGN 481. Managing Country Risk in the Modern Multinational Corporation (4)

Examines ways to analyze, assess, and reduce country risk.

IRGN 482. International Strategies Toward Fragile States (4)

Explanation and evaluation of international actors—for example, international organizations, aid donors, NGOs—toward fragile states and the response by domestic actors within those states. Non-IR/PS graduate students may enroll with consent of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both IRGN 482 and IRGN 290 or 490 Special Topics course with the same course title.

IRGN 484. Korean Politics (4)

This course will examine characteristics and distinctive aspects of contemporary Korean society and politics. Emphasis will be placed on continuity and change in social values, political culture and leadership, economic growth and its impact, and democratization and its future prospects. Prerequisites: consent of instructor.

IRGN 485. The Korean Economy (4)

Analytical review of South Korea’s economic performance. Examination of major policy changes (e.g., shifts toward export promotion, heavy and chemical industries promotion); Korea’s industrial structure including the role of large enterprises (chaebol); role of government; links between Korea and other countries.

IRGN 486. Economic and Social Development of China (4)

This course examines China’s development experience from a generally economic standpoint. Contents include: patterns of traditional Chinese society and economy; geography and resource constraints, impact of the West and Japan; development since 1949 and contemporary problems and options.

IRGN 487. Applied Environmental Economics (4)

This course teaches students how to analyze environmental and natural resource policy issues in developing countries using economic concepts and methods. Weekly spreadsheet exercises based on real-world data provide hands-on practice. Prerequisites: IRCO 401, 453, 454, or consent of instructor.

IRGN 488. Environmental and Regulatory Economics (4)

This course provides a broad overview of environmental and regulatory economics and its interface with public policy. This course will be grounded in microeconomic theory with applications to specific cases. Non-IR/PS graduate students may enroll with consent of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both IRGN 488 and IRGN 290 or 490 Special Topics course with the same course title. Prerequisites: IRCO 401, 453 and 454.

IRGN 489. The Economics of Nonmarket Valuation (4)

Government policies with respect to cultural amenities, the environment, health, and transportation generate benefits and costs not directly priced by the market. This course covers the range of techniques economists utilize to place a monetary value on nonmarket outputs. Non-IR/PS graduate students may enroll with consent of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both IRGN 489 and IRGN 290 or 490 Special Topics course with the same course title. Prerequisites: IRCO 401, 453 and 454.

IRGN 490. Special Topics in Pacific International Affairs (4)

A seminar course at an advanced level on a special topic in Pacific international affairs. May be repeated for credit.

IRGN 492. Special Topics in Pacific Studies (2)

A seminar course at an advanced level on a special topic in Pacific studies.

IRGN 493. Excel Skills for Professional Proficiency (2)

An Excel skills course tailored specifically to IR/PS classes and applicable to accounting, QM, finance, and second year courses such as corporate finance, investments, applied financial management, and strategy and negotiation, among others. The course is also designed to help prepare students for the professional world by training in critical job skills competencies in Excel. (S/U grades only.) Department approval required. Non-IR/PS students may enroll with consent of instructor.

IRGN 497. Internship (2)

Independent research that draws on an internship with an organization relevant to career track and/or regional specialization. Nature of the required product to be determined by professor supervising the course. May be repeated for credit.

IRGN 498. Directed Group Study (2)

Directed reading in a selected area. The content of each course is to be decided by the professor directing the course with the approval of the student’s faculty adviser. May be repeated for credit.

IRGN 499. Independent Research (2-12)

Independent research under the guidance of a faculty member of IR/PS. May be repeated for credit.

Language Courses

IRLA 400A-B-C. Low Intermediate Chinese Language for Professional Proficiency (4-4-4)

This course is designed to enable students at a low-intermediate level of proficiency to maintain and improve their Chinese language skills through a combination of classes, language laboratories, exercises, and other language experiences. Prerequisites: IR/PS majors only, or by consent of instructor.

IRLA 401A-B-C. Intermediate Chinese Language for Professional Proficiency (4-4-4)

This course is designed to enable students at an intermediate level of proficiency to maintain and improve their Chinese language skills through a combination of classes, language laboratories, exercises, and other language experiences. Prerequisites: IR/PS majors only, or by consent of instructor.

IRLA 402A-B-C. Advanced Intermediate Chinese Language for Professional Proficiency (4-4-4)

This course is designed to enable students at an advanced-intermediate level of proficiency to maintain and improve their Chinese language skills through a combination of classes, language laboratories, exercises, and other language experiences. Prerequisites: IR/PS majors only, or by consent of instructor.

IRLA 410A-B-C. Low Intermediate Japanese Language for Professional Proficiency (4-4-4)

This course is designed to enable students at a low-intermediate level of proficiency to maintain and improve their Japanese language skills through a combination of classes, language laboratories, exercises, and other language experiences. Prerequisites: IR/PS majors only or by consent of instructor.

IRLA 411A-B-C. Intermediate Japanese Language for Professional Proficiency (4-4-4)

This course is designed to enable students at an intermediate level of proficiency to maintain and improve their Japanese language skills through a combination of classes, language laboratories, exercises, and other language experiences. Prerequisites: IR/PS majors only, or by consent of instructor.

IRLA 412A-B-C. Advanced Intermediate Japanese Language for Professional Proficiency (4-4-4)

This course is designed to enable students at an advanced-intermediate level of proficiency to maintain and improve their Japanese language skills through a combination of classes, language laboratories, exercises, and other language experiences. Prerequisites: IR/PS majors only, or by consent of instructor.

IRLA 413A-B-C. Advanced Japanese Language for Professional Proficiency (4-4-4)

This course is designed to enable students at an advanced level of proficiency to maintain and improve their Japanese language skills through a combination of classes, language laboratories, exercises, and other language experiences. Prerequisites: IR/PS majors only, or by consent of instructor.

IRLA 441A-B-C. Intermediate Spanish Language for Professional Proficiency (4-4-4)

This course is designed to enable students at an intermediate level of proficiency to maintain and improve their Spanish language skills through a combination of classes, language laboratories, exercises, and other language experiences. Prerequisites: IR/PS majors only, or by consent of instructor.

IRLA 442A-B-C. Advanced Intermediate Spanish Language for Professional Proficiency (4-4-4)

This course is designed to enable students at an advanced-intermediate level of proficiency to maintain and improve their Spanish language skills through a combination of classes, language laboratories, exercises, and other language experiences. Prerequisites: IR/PS majors only, or by consent of instructor.

IRLA 443A-B-C. Advanced Spanish Language for Professional Proficiency (4-4-4)

This course is designed to enable students at an advanced level of proficiency to maintain and improve their Spanish language skills through a combination of classes, language laboratories, exercises, and other language experiences. Prerequisites: IR/PS majors only, or by consent of instructor.

IRLA 444A-B-C. Superior Level Spanish Language for Professional Proficiency (4-4-4)

This course is designed to enable students at a superior level of proficiency to maintain and improve their Spanish language skills through individual training with an instructor. Prerequisites: IR/PS majors only, or by consent of instructor.

IRLA 460A-B-C. Basic Bahasa Indonesia for Professional Proficiency (4-4-4)

This course is designed to enable students with basic knowledge and skills of Bahasa Indonesia to further develop communicative skills through a combination of classes, exercises, and other language experiences. Prerequisites: IR/PS majors only or consent of instructor.

IRLA 461 A-B-C. Low Intermediate Bahasa Indonesian for Professional Proficiency (4-4-4)

This course is designed to enable students with low to intermediate knowledge and skills of Bahasa Indonesia to further develop communicative skills through a combination of classes, exercises, and other language experiences. Prerequisites: IR/PS majors only or consent of instructor

PhD Level Courses

IRGN 201. Understanding Civil Wars: Theory and Policy Implications (4)

This course examines why civil wars break out, why they are difficult to resolve, and the effects of outside intervention. The course introduces ethnic and internal conflict theory, and engages students in current policy debates regarding how the international community can best respond to these conflicts. Prerequisites: entrance to the program or consent of instructor.

IRGN 202. International Political Economy: Money and Finance (4)

Examination of effects of national policies and international collaboration on public and private international financial institutions, in particular the management of international debt crises, economic policy coordination, and the role of international lender of last resort.

IRGN 204. International Relations of Asia-Pacific (4)

International relations and developing international political economies of nations bordering the Pacific. Topics include: the “Pacific Basin” concept; the U.S. and “hegemonic-stability” theory; legacies of the Korean War and Sino-Soviet dispute; immigration patterns and their consequences; and Japan’s foreign policy.

IRGN 205. U.S.-China Relations (4)

Can the United States and China manage to develop a constructive relationship or are they headed toward a hostile relationship? This course addresses this question by examining the domestic and international influences on the foreign policies of both countries and key issues in the bilateral relationship. Students also do policy projects.

IRGN 207. Policy Implementation Process (4)

This course builds on the core Policy-Making Processes class by focusing on nonelected officials’ role in setting and implementing policy. Ideally, elected officials make policies that unbiased, technically proficient bureaucrats carry out. This course provides some insights into why the real world departs from this. Prerequisites: IRCO 400.

IRGN 209. Marketing (4)

This course develops the microeconomics foundations of market exchange by explicitly examining the marketing details of transactions: demand and product differentiation, incomplete and incorrect information, search costs and promotion costs. It is argued that within this theoretical framework (i.e., model) most observed marketing behavior can be reconciled. The primary objective of this course is to learn to deduce firm and consumer motives from observed behavior. Prerequisites: IRGN 221 and 243, or consent of instructor.

IRGN 211. Finance and Development (4)

This course analyzes the roles of money and financial institutions in the economy. The first part of the course focuses on microeconomics and the financial system. The topics include money, financial markets, financial intermediaries, banking regulations, and bank runs. The second part of the course focuses on the microeconomics aspects of financial institutions. The topics include financial development and financial liberalization, and their effects on the economy, especially economic growth and development. Prerequisites: IRCO 403 and IRCO 421 or consent of instructor.

IRGN 213. Risk Management (4)

This course provides an introduction to derivative assets such as options, futures, and swap contracts. The main emphases is on their valuation, use in the hedging, and role as components of liabilities that mitigate risk and agency problems in business firms. Prerequisites: IRCO 421.

IRGN 214. Corporate Governance (4)

Why do corporate governance systems—the way firms are run, the relationship among managers, stockholders, and workers—differ widely around the world? This course examines the various explanations for these striking differences and the consequences. Prerequisites: graduate level or consent of instructor.

IRGN 216. Post War Politics in Japan (4)

Overview of postwar politics in Japan, including American Occupation reforms, political institutions, major political factors, mass and elite, and political behavior. Special attention will be paid to the issue of Japan’s changing democracy.

IRGN 217. Microfinance (4)

This course will begin by examining financial markets in poor countries. Investigates how microfinance contracts overcome problems that had previously barred the extension of business credit in many environments. Prerequisites: admission to program or consent of instructor.

IRGN 222. Investments (4)

An analysis of the risk/return characteristics of different assets as perceived by different investors and their implications for security price behavior, emphasizing real world capital market behavior. International aspects include the role of exchange rate risk and international diversification. Prerequisites: IRCO 421, 453, and 454.

IRGN 224. Corporate Finance (4)

The topics covered are dividend policy and capital structure, options, debt financing, and short and long-term in financial planning. Course format will be mostly lectures with occasional cases. Some international aspects of corporate finance will also be discussed. Prerequisites: IRGN 221, 243, IRCO 420, 421, 453 and 454, or consent of instructor.

IRGN 229. Business and Management in Japan (4)

This course introduces the main aspects of Japanese business and industrial organization (keiretsu), Japanese management practices, and the representation and influence of business interests in the Japanese political economy.

IRGN 231. Fiscal and Monetary Policy (4)

Effects of fiscal and monetary policies on aggregate variables such as output, nominal and real interest rates, price level, and employment. Additional topics include the inflation/unemployment trade-off, budget deficit, and economic growth.

IRGN 235. Topics in International Trade (4)

This course develops new analytical models of international trade and examines their relevance for trade policy. Topics include setting trade policy where firms have global market power; the interaction between international trade, innovation, and economic growth; regional economic policy, dynamic industry clusters, and information technology; and new trade theory and the world distribution of income. Prerequisites: IRCO 401 and 403, or consent of instructor.

IRGN 238. Operations Management: Analysis and Control (4)

This course provides a comprehensive introduction to the fundamental decisions and trade-offs associated with the control of a firm’s operations function. It analyzes production processes, quality control, inventory and materials planning, kanban, and just-in-time principles. Prerequisites: IRCO 453 and 454, or consent of instructor.

IRGN 239. Policy Evaluation (4)

Research-design class focusing on strategies for evaluating policies’ effectiveness with data in small quantities. Skills taught: understanding limits of what data say, and using information optimally. The emphasis is on qualitative analysis. The concepts taught are similar to those presented in QM3. Prerequisites: IRCO 453 and 454.

IRGN 240. Applied Data Analysis and Statistical Decision Making (4)

The goal of the course is to teach how to evaluate quantitative information in business and economics contexts, and to make sound managerial decisions in complex situations. Much of the problems and the course work will involve statistical software and spreadsheet analysis of data. The course covers various applied multivariate statistical methods beyond basics. Prerequisites: IRCO 453 and 454, or consent of instructor.

IRGN 244. Product Development (4)

This course examines how high-tech companies develop successful products. Emphasizes interplay between business and technology issues, including marketing, finance, manufacturing, prototyping, testing, and design. Student teams develop novel products, from concept to working prototype, including a business plan for launching the product. Discussion of concurrent engineering, rapid prototyping, industrial design, and other design methodologies.

IRGN 248. Civil Society and Development (4)

To explore the roles that civil society/NGOs/the third sector can play in advancing political, social, and economic progress in developing countries. To consider the strengths and weaknesses, capacities, and limitations of NGOs in developing countries. To provide students with experience in evaluating NGOs and in making professional recommendations to enhance their ability to make a difference. To prepare students to take leadership roles—whether in government, the private sector, or NGOs—in promoting civil-society participation in development.

IRGN 249. Making US Foreign Policy (4)

Analysis of the interests, structure, and procedures of the main executive branch agencies involved in the formulation of foreign policy, and of the roles of Congress, the media, public opinion, and nongovernmental actors. Case studies and “daily briefings” to prepare students to perform professionally in the foreign policy arena. Prerequisites: IRGN 210 or consent of instructor. Suggested: IRGN 211.

IRGN 250. The Politics of U.S.-Japan Economic Relations (4)

This course will analyze how the domestic politics of each country, their international negotiations, and their interaction concerning economic issues have affected the U.S.-Japan relationship. Both the politics of cooperation and integration, and trade friction and conflict will be addressed in part through study of specific cases.

IRGN 251. Economic Development (4)

This course examines comparative patterns of industrialization and agricultural modernization with a focus on certain common features of the modernization process and widely varying endowments, policies, and experiences of different countries. Prerequisites: IRGN 221 and 243, or consent of instructor.

IRGN 256. Program Design and Evaluation (4)

Introduction to elements of program design and evaluation. Examines principles and guidelines used in creating a program and evaluating its success or failure. International case studies are explored. Students have the opportunity to develop their own program and evaluate projects.

IRGN 257. Cost Benefit Analysis (4)

Examination of public policy analysis, such as cost-benefit analysis and project evaluation, for use in policy formation. Sustainable development will receive particular attention. Case studies emphasizing the environment, agriculture and food, and economic development will be included.

IRGN 258. International Environmental Policy and Politics (4)

This course analyzes multilateral environmental agreements and negotiating positions of key countries on climate change, biodiversity conservation, sustainable development, and other subjects. It explores the challenges countries face to balance economic development objectives with global environmental concerns.

IRGN 260. Economic and Social Development of China (4)

This course examines China’s development experience from a generally economic standpoint. Contents include: patterns of traditional Chinese society and economy; geography and resource constraints, impact of the West and Japan; development since 1949, and contemporary problems and options.

IRGN 261. Chinese Politics (4)

This course will analyze post-1949 Chinese politics, including political institutions, the policy-making process, and citizen political behavior. Special attention will be given to the prospects for political reform in China.

IRGN 263. Political Economy of Southeast Asia (4)

This course provides an introduction to five Southeast Asian countries: Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Vietnam. The focus will be on national level political and economic issues in these countries. In addition, we will also be examining a number of region-wide issues: Chinese business groups and networks; clientelism and corruption; regional trade and investment linkages; democratization; and the implications of political change for future economic development. Prerequisites: graduate standing or consent of instructor.

IRGN 264. Economies in Southeast Asia (4)

This course focuses on the long-run and current economic issues of Southeast Asia. The topics are economic growth, human capital, inequality and poverty, social institutions, the business sector, the financial sector, government, the external sector, and regional and interregional economic relations. For each topic, we will discuss the issues from selected countries in the region in more detail.

IRGN 265. Management of Nonprofit Organizations (4)

Analyzes the particular environment in which nonprofit organizations define and achieve their objectives. Management tools are applied to existing nonprofits and to student projects.

IRGN 271. Japanese Economy (4)

A broad survey of the Japanese Economy, together with in-depth examination of some distinctively Japanese phenomena such as savings behavior, financial structure, industrial organization, and labor markets. Prerequisites: IRGN 221 and 243, or consent of instructor.

IRGN 273. Current Issues in U.S.-Latin American Relations (4)

Issues to be actively debated include the collective defense of democracy, coping with revolutionary change, counter-narcotics, anti-corruption, international finance, trade, and U.S.-Mexican and U.S.-Brazilian relations. In each case, students analyze the strengths and weaknesses of current US policy and advocate alternative options. Prerequisites: IRCO 210 or consent of instructor.

IRGN 274. Economic Policy in Latin America (4)

This course seeks to enhance the students’ understanding of the main policy alternatives open to the largest Latin American countries. Development and stabilization policies are analyzed, emphasizing the current debate between conventional and heterodox policy packages and their impact on decision making. Prerequisites: IRGN 221 and 243.

IRGN 278. Japanese Foreign Policy (4)

Examines the domestic and strategic sources of Japan’s foreign policy in the postwar era. Unlike IRGN 460, this course emphasizes Japan’s foreign economic policy in regional and global multilateral organizations, and the major security issues it confronts with its Asian neighbors.

IRGN 281. Country Risk Analysis (4)

Examines ways to analyze, assess, and reduce country risk.

IRGN 284. Korean Politics (4)

This course will examine characteristics and distinctive aspects of contemporary Korean society and politics. Emphasis will be placed on continuity and change in social values, political culture and leadership, economic growth and its impact, and democratization and its future prospects. Prerequisites: consent of instructor.

IRGN 285. The Korean Economy (4)

Analytical review of South Korea’s economic performance. Examination of major policy changes (e.g., shifts toward export-promotion, heavy and chemical industrial promotion), Korea’s industrial structure including the role of large enterprise (chaebol); role of government; links between Korea and other countries.

IRGN 287. Politics and Institutions in Latin America (4)

Overview of Latin American politics and the “rules of the game,” both formal and informal. Key topics include military rule, presidentialism, and clientelism in the region as a whole, with special emphasis on Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico. Prerequisites: consent of instructor.

IRGN 289. Applied Environmental Economics (4)

This course teaches students how to analyze environmental and natural resource policy issues in developing countries using economic concepts and methods. Weekly spreadsheet exercises based on real-world data provide hands-on practice. Prerequisites: IRCO 453, 454, IRGN 221, or consent of instructor.

IRGN 290. Special Topics in Pacific International Affairs (4)

A seminar course at an advanced level on a special topic in Pacific international affairs. May be repeated for credit.

IRGN 292. Special Topics in Pacific Studies (2)

A seminar course at an advanced level on a special topic in Pacific studies.

IRGN 298. Directed Group Study (2)

Directed reading in selected area. The content of each course is to be decided by the professor directing the course with the approval of the student’s faculty adviser. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisites: graduate standing and consent of faculty adviser.

IRGN 299. Independent Research (2–12)

Independent research under the guidance of a faculty member in IR/PS. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisites: graduate standing and consent of faculty adviser.